语言学A

莆田学院期末考试试卷(A)卷

2009——2010 学年第一学期

课程名称:英语语言学适用年级/专业:06级英语专业(师范/商务)

试卷类别开卷()闭卷(√)学历层次本科考试用时 120分钟

《.考生

.......................》.

..注意:答案要全部抄到答题纸上,做在试卷上不给分

I.M ultiple choice (1 point×25=25 points)

Directions: Read each of the following statements carefully。 Decide which one of the four choices best completes the statement and put the letter A, B, C or D in the answer sheet。

( ) 1。 According to F。 de Saussure, ____ refers to the abstract linguistic system shared by all the members of a speech community。

A. parole

B。 performance

C. langue

D。 Language

( )2. Language is said to be arbitrary because there is no logical connection between ____ and meanings.

A. sense

B。 sounds

C. objects

D. ideas

( ) 3。 We are born with the ability to acquire language ___。

A. and the details of any language system are genetically transmitted

B. therefore, we needn’t learn the details of our mother tongue

C。 but the details of language have to be learnt。

D。 and the details are acquired by instinct

( ) 4. ________ are often thought to be the smallest meaningful units of language by linguists.

A. Words

B. Morphemes

C. Phonemes

D. Sentences

( ) 5. A(n)_____ is a phonological unit of distinctive value. It is a collection of distinctive phonetic features.

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